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Normal Social Struggles vs Bullying in Middle School

bullying in middle school

Middle schoolers who have a history of trauma or being bullied are more likely to perceive negative peer interactions as continued bullying. It is important for middle school girls to understand that someone can be insensitive, thoughtless, immature, mean and even aggressive without it being bullying. Social struggles are common among young people without it ever rising to the level of bullying. Knowing how to differentiate between the two can help middle-schoolers successfully navigate healthy relationships, conflict, and rejection.

Social Struggles Common in Middle School

Even though social struggles and mean girls may be common in middle school, they still feel isolated. The fact that they are common is a reminder that it doesn’t necessarily mean anything is “wrong” with your daughter that she has trouble fitting in and is sometimes excluded. 

For most students, middle school is the first time they are expected to make and maintain friendships outside of a single classroom, which can be hard when they don’t have classes with their friends anymore. Social rules become more complex, which can be hard when everyone learns them at a different rate. Middle schoolers also tend to believe that there are universal standards for positive relationships and overlook that relationship styles depend on the person and the context. Access to smartphones and social media adds an extra layer of girl drama that extends beyond school hours.

A combination of these factors make social struggles an issue for most middle school girls, whether or not they have a group of friends.

Peak Risk for Bullying

Middle school is considered peak risk for bullying, as the social hierarchy tends to be divided into two categories: popular and rejected. It may not take much to be considered “popular,” but once someone earns a “rejected” label, it’s harder to make friends with other people who haven’t been rejected. In high school, as teens explore their interests, social groupings are less black-and-white and teens are more likely to find their group based on shared goals and values. 

As they begin to take elective courses and courses based on their skills in a certain area, they spend more time with people they have more things in common with. For middle schoolers who are still exploring their interests and who they want to be, they are more likely to be judged by others and to struggle finding others who share similar interests. 

While middle schoolers are the most likely to be bullied, they are also the least likely to willingly talk about it as they are worried about sounding like a victim or a “loser.” 

Steps to Take if You Think Your Child is Being Bullied

 

  • Ask for details. It can be hard to get much of a response out of questions like “how was school today?” Instead, ask about specific classes or classmates. Follow up about stories of social struggles they’ve mentioned in the past. 
  • Validate her concerns. As middle school girls place a lot of value on other people’s approval, it is natural that social struggles may feel like the end of the world, even if the same response as an adult would feel disproportionate. Try to put yourself in her shoes. 
  • Encourage her to make friends outside of school. Some people struggle to befriend people that they see on a daily basis, as they get overwhelmed by the commitment it involves. She may be more social in a structured group setting, like a sports team or a theater production, than when trying to find somewhere to sit in the cafeteria. Having a friend group outside of a school setting allows your daughter to not let her school struggles get in the way of relationships.
  • Look into switching schools. If your daughter is being bullied at school and is struggling socially, switching schools can give her space to focus on herself and her academic goals. Therapeutic boarding schools combine supportive accredited academics with social skills training to help girls regain confidence.

 

 

Asheville Academy Can Help 

Asheville Academy for Girls is a therapeutic boarding school for girls ages 10-14. Our students commonly struggle with anxiety, depression, ADHD, learning differences, and attachment issues. Many of our students have been bullied in school and struggle with social skills in social groups. We are a relationship-based program that focuses on building meaningful face-to-face connections through teamwork, group therapy, experiential activities, and small classrooms that helps girls heal from the effects of peer pressure.

For more information about bullying in middle school girls, contact us at 800-264-8709. We can help your family today!

AUTHOR: Cat Jennings, Executive Director

Cat brings more than thirty years of experience making an impact in the lives of adolescents. Cat has developed multiple programs helping children, teens, and young adults in a variety of settings and with a diverse range of diagnoses. She has dedicated her career to behavioral health and is honored to be part of the passionate team at Asheville Academy for Girls. She recognizes how delicate this age is and is proud of the role she and her team play in helping girls grow and prosper.

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